I am in the current Temporary Autonomous Art show in London this week.
The theme is Home.
The gallery is: ExFed, Unit 4, 199 Eade Road, London N4 1DN
See more about the show here
I am in the current Temporary Autonomous Art show in London this week.
The theme is Home.
The show is open Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat this week and features over 100 artists, performers and makers.
The gallery is: ExFed, Unit 4, 199 Eade Road, London N4 1DN
See more about the show here
Those of you paying attention will remember that in my last post I linked to a wonderful feature that has been poublishd about my work by the fascinating online magazine Something Dark. Well the hard working people at Something Dark haven't stopped there.
I am delighted to announce that my photos will be shown in a Something Dark exhibition in Berlin in September. I am esxhibiting three of my older pictures that were featured in the magazine, plus three from my more recent work looking at the connsequences of the financial crash round Europe. These pictures will hang alongside an international collection of artists that are concerned with urban decay and the built environment.
The exhibition will run from Friday 2 September to Sunday 11 September at the Ivooo Gallery, Studio & Store, Togostraße 6, 13351 B-Wedding
In anticipation of this exhibition Sometging Dark has produced this news article about my work:
Looking forward to the show, I present a couple of images from a Berlin Squat that I shot in October 2014.
So back in 2012 I gave an interview, an article, and a series of pictures to Something Dark Magazine. It's just been released.
SD is a magazine dedicated to exploring all aspects of the human experience, and rejects the notion that some subjects should be taboo. Becase of this they have allowed me to spend several pages talking about the self-recording culture vacuum we have fallen into, as well as featuring some incredible architecture photography and some explicit bondage imagery.
This is not a magazine for the squeamish or for those of delicate sensibilities.
Reading back over my article "Modern Culture; living to record ourselves living, so others will say we have lived" I am shocked how much further we have travelled down this path in the 4 years since I wrote it. Back then there was no such thing as a selfie-stick.
If you aren't of the squeamish, or easily offended type, take a leap into something dark...
Yesterday I shared some pictures of the Yorkley Court Community Farm over the last four years. See that blog here.
Today I'd like to show you what I found when I returned to the site last week, two days after the community had been evicted by local property developer Mr Brian Bennett. As usual, you can click on any of the images to see a bigger version.
Walking in from the woods, this was the first sight I came across.
Last time I was here, this debris and ash was a home in a tree that looked like this:
With each step I saw rubble, ashes, ruins where there had been homes built with love. The community has been erased from the site and only debris remains.
Last year I had the pleaseure of staying in this neat little treehouse over the stream. Not content with driving out the person who lived there and destroying the whole structure, the eviction crew seem to have tried to burn this entire, beautiful tree to the ground.
Treehouses weren't the only structures created and lived in on site. This little house was made using a traditional method of bending and joining willow boughs.
The home below was a geodome structure.
A number of little houses have existed on this pretty spot:
One of my favourite homes on the site was a home built in a boat.
It has been burned to the ground.
Of course, when the young environmental activists arrived at Yorkley Court in June 2012, there were none of these little homes. The whole site had been abandoned for years and was overgrown with brambles and weeds that had to be cleared by the community before they could plant their vegetables and build their homes. A couple of big structures were already there, remainders from when this property had been an MOD site. Of these pre-existing, industrial structures, the huge hangar was the most impressive.
This too has been reduced to scrap by the bulldozers.
There is nothing left. Everything has been destroyed.
Here's what a walk round the site is like now...
After my visit tho the site last Monday, I took a walk and found the whole community living together nearby. They were still recovering from the trauma of losing their homes, but they were already looking to the future. A new site will be found. New homes will be built.
The community farm has been destroyed. Wiped from the map.
The community continues and will rise again.
I have been photographing Yorkley Court Community Farm since it began in July 2012. On my first visit I fell in love with the peace there, the beauty of the landscape and the warmth of the people.
Last week I returned to see the result of the devastating eviction that had been unleashed on the eco-community over the weekend. Tomorrow we can explore that horror together. On this sunny Easter Friday I'd like to take a look back at this extraordinary place and celebrate the remarkable achievements of the young environmental activists that made the place their home.
In June 2014 Yorkley Court Community Farm resisted an illegal eviction attempt by local developer Brian Bennett.
Temporary barricades went up but life continued on the farm.
In March 2015 the courts gave the rights to the land to Mr Bennett. The community was ordered to leave this beautiful land which they loved and cared for. Anyone staying on the farm would be commiting a crime. In response the residents removed the animals and children from the site and built this tower at the front gate.
Once again life went on behind the barricades.
Due to one thing and another, I didn't return to Yorkley Court after April last year, until last week when I came to see what had been left behibnd by the bailifs. But let's not ruin what's left of this beautiful day by thinking of that.
I want to take this chance to say thank you to the wonderful people of Yorkley Court. Thank you for welcoming me into your beautiful home. Thank you for showing me what can be done with a pair of hands, a few tools and a passion to create something special.
Tune in tomorrow for What Happened Next...
After managing an almost weekly blog for most of the last three years, I'm ashamed to have fallen out of the routine this year. Im my defence I have been drafting a book about the places I've seen since I hit the road, studying Spanish and helping to set up and manage a brand new social space in Dalston as well as continuing with my useual nomadic lifestyle.
Soon there will be more blog entries, and better, but for the now, here is a photo of a shadow in Granada...
On the day that Greece votes on the future of Europe's never ending crisis, this seems like a good time to share a story from another country that swallowed the cruel medicine of Eurozone austerity.
The 2007 crash and Ireland's subsequent austerity measures put a stop to the construction of new social housing. As wages and benefits dropped and taxes rose, more and more people have struggled to meet their mortgage or rental payments. The subsequent rise in homelessness and the housing shortage has led to a boom in Dublin property prices as investors see demand outstrip supply, pushing yet more people on low incomes into homelessness.
"Official figures show that the number of people sleeping rough in Dublin has increased by almost 50% since April. A total of 139 people were found without accommodation, the highest number recorded since the rough sleeper count began in 2007."
"The number of people coming through the doors of the Capuchin Day Centre in the centre of Dublin is up six-fold. Volunteers and staff serve free meals to anyone in need. "Ten years ago it was around 160 meals a day - now it's 600," says one of the chefs. "People have no idea, until they come in here, to see the children coming in here in their school uniforms, they go home with nothing to eat until the next day sometimes."
"Property prices in the Irish capital are rising by an average of €6,600 a month, according to the country's Central Statistics Office, which puts them 24.4% higher than last year. Figures from Ireland's central bank show 35,000 homeowners unable to pay their mortgages for up to 24 months, and 135,000 households in mortgage arrears."
"In Dublin alone, over 450 families, with almost 1,000 children, have become homeless in the first 11 months of this year"
The 2014 Frank Knight waelth report showed luxury property prices in Dublin growing faster than any other city in Europe, and reaching number seven in world rankings.
"Illegal evictions in Dublin doubled last month according to Threshold, the national housing organisation, which yesterday called for the urgent introduction of security of tenure in the private rented sector."
In the face of all this bad news for everyone who isn't an international property tycoon, a small group of young Dubliners took over an abandoned complex of homes, offices and warehouses in August 2013 looking for a space to live, to create, and to encourage a sense of community.
I was privileged to be able to visit them a few times last year. Walking through the streets of Dublin, passing shivering figures huddled in the doorways of boarded up shops, it was always a relief to meet the warmth and welcome of the Grangegorman Community Collective.
The space was huge and ramshackle and the squatters put in a massive amount of work to build it into a social and cultural community centre and collective home.
Most of the people in the collective were artists or musicians looking for a place to practice and paint and perform. They took over a burned out building on the site and created Head Space, an artists studio and meditation space which also housed a local hip hop collective.
They took another derelict building and created a vegan cafe.
They built a community garden which was open to local people to come and plant and unwind.
As well as providing a popular venue for art, music, gardening, meditation, healing and vegan food, the space also hosted circus performers, skaters, and local families looking for somewhere peaceful and friendly to socialise. The creation of the centre was driven by a city-wide shortage of legal graffiti walls and accessible studio and practice spaces as well as social spaces that aren't driven by alcohol.
On my last visit in September last year they were also hosting Dublin's first international squatter convergence where political activists, anti-capitalists and housing campaigners from all over the world gathered to share stories, experiences and ideas.
In one of the warehouses two men were building a bio-mas powered house out of recycled materials.
These pictures only show the space as it was developing. There are other images online that show the progress they made.
Above all the other functions of this space, it's central role was as a home.
The complex belongs to NAMA (the bank created by the Irish government to take over all the toxic assets that were left in the state's hands after the 2007 crash) and sits next door to a new campus of the Dublin Institute of Technology. This makes the site a very attractive investment opportunity for developers interested in building student accommodation.
Despite the painful austerity measures; the national memory of hanging on the edge of bankruptcy; and the huge concrete scars left rotting across the Irish landscape; NAMA is still willing to let developers put their profits over the needs of the community and to control the Irish landscape. Having valued the site at €4.2 million NAMA appointed Ernst and Young as receivers in March of this year.
At the end of March the Grangegorman Community Collective experienced a sudden eviction attempt with no prior warning and they were also raided by the police who mistook the heat signatures from their bio-mas electricity generators for weed grow rooms.
After successfully resisting this eviction attempt and spending the subsequent months running a public campaign to raise awareness and support for the continued existence of their community, they posted this message on their Facebook page on June 16th:
"so last wednesday at noon the last of the grangegorman squatters left. we established the place believing that people should live and get to do what they love peacefully and happily and therefore a stand-off with nama or police would have only served to feed the struggle that we live to transcend. its been some journey. while we are pleasantly overwhelmed at the support, interest and widespread attention, we never wished our lives to be an ongoing physical or high court battle nor did we realize it would be in the public eye so much. nobody was ever arrested or jailed despite RTE misinformation. everyone is having a well-deserved rest. anyone who was there will understand the magic that no amount of words will ever share. Grangegorman Community Collective represent love to all involved."
See more here:
https://www.nama.ie/about-us/our-work/ - fun with banks
Eviction attempt stories:
http://www.irishtimes.com/news/ireland/irish-news/grangegorman-squatters-evade-eviction-attempt-1.2151055 - plus interesting video of the squat
http://www.vice.com/en_uk/read/dont-call-us-squatters-dublin-ireland-housing-423 - eviction attempt & wider Dublin story
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Grangegorman-Community-Collective/1429797140648848 - Facebook page of the collective
Leipzig is a German city about 200km south of Berlin. During the time of the Soviet empire, Leipzig was an important part of the GDR (the East German Republic, a state in the communist Eastern Bloc). In the reunification of Germany, Leipzig was left with hundereds of disused GDR buildings. Despite the gentrification process that has been building in the city for the last decade, there are still huge abandoned blocks dotted all over the town.
Last October I spent an afternoon exploring a disused hotel that had been built by the local communitst authority to host important visitors from Berlin and Moscow. It has been empty for many years and is a favourite venue for the local graffiti artists.
On The Road is delighted to welcome guest writer Fraisia Dunn who joined Lisa earlier this month on a visit to the besieged residents of a council estate in West Hendon. Below we present both of our impressions from the day.
See Fraisia's blog here: www.fraisiadunn.weebly.com
This is a personal statement of a councillor who has been involved in the process in West Hendon for some time. These are his personal views of the errors that have been made in the process:
This is the official site about the regeneration of West Hendon, you can find details about the inquiry here, including a log of complaints made and responses received: http://www.west-hendon.co.uk/
A link to a page written by Derrick Chung, one of the residents we met, for the blog London Tenants in 2009:
Broken Barnet, a very entertaining blog, follows the story of West Hendon closely:
Our West Hendon Facebook page, this is a campaign group formed of some of the residents of the estate:-
Link to petition on change.org https://www.facebook.com/pages/Our-West-Hendon/1476545849228072?sk=info&tab=page_info
Just open your ears and follow your nose
'Cos the street is shakin' from the tapping of toes
You can hear that music play anytime on any day
Every rhythm, every way
The Kinks - Denmark St - 1970 (Ref 1, see below)
When I was a teenager in the 90's my friends and I used to go to Club X 'London's Biggest Alternative Indie All Nighter' in London Astoria 2 (LA2) on Tottenham Court Road most Saturday nights. (ref 2)
Club X played a blend of Indie and Dance that typified the 90's UK music scene and provided a soundtrack to my teenage life. A song on the radio by Suede, Blur, Pulp, Elastica, Sleeper, Placebo or the other Britpop bands will always take me back to those nights and that time.
A couple of weeks ago I walked past the massive Crossrail building site where the London Astoria used to be, on my way to another venue integral to London's musical heritage. Turning off the intensity of Tottenham Court Road it was a relief to hit the row of independent music shops running the length of Denmark Street. Welcome to London's Tin Pan Alley, the historic heart of music in the capital, the Rolling Stones, Jimi Hendrix and the Kinks recorded here, NME started here, David Bowie and the Small Faces used to hang out here, Elton John wrote a song here, the Sex Pistols lived here for a while.
To this day Denmark Street is a natural home for London musicians, providing affordable rehearsal and recording studios as well as an excellent collection of music shops and experts and in 12 Bar Club, a place to perform. The 12 Bar Club had been showing live music on Denmark St since the 90's, offering a small, intimate, affordable night out for people passionate about music and giving a platform to (among others) Adele, KT Tunstall, Seasick Steve, The Libertines and Jamie T on their way to fame.
This January, the 12 Bar Club closed their doors and moved out of Denmark St in advance of a massive redevelopment plan poised to transform the whole St Giles area. A group of squatters, activists and musicians called Bohemians 4 Soho occupied the venue in a bid to save the historic building and to draw attention to the threat hanging over the neighbourhood.
On Friday 23rd the Bohemians 4 Soho opened the doors of 12 Bar and kept the music playing.
Underground musicians, bands and buskers took to the stage and created a night that was shambolic, friendly, raucous, fun and free. In short, the kind of party it's hard to find in the soulless commercialized world of central London; a night fueled by a joyful, rebellious rock and roll spirit that used to infuse this street and nearby Soho, and gave birth to the Swinging Sixties.
In the first two weeks of the occupation the Bohemians 4 Soho were busy, they hosted live music, lost a court case, resisted an eviction, gave multiple interviews and put out a rallying cry to save the music in Soho. Last Monday (Feb 2) I went back to visit them to ask them about the occupation:
"We are self appointed cultural heritage wardens. We are trying to protect something which is the property of someone, but it is the heritage of everyone."
"We think that the Consolidated Development company want to demolish the whole of Tin Pan Alley and build some big new development. The people of Soho deserve to find a company that works with them, to help them. Not just kick everyone out."
"We are worried that if we aren't here to look after the 12 Bar it will be 'allowed to fall into disrepair'. There is a serious problem in the planning process. If we weren't here, this whole place would have been flooded by now, or suffered some other 'accidental harm'. Everything is an accident."
"We [the British] are culturally lacking the will to fight. We have to fight for our relationships. Our relationship with our heritage and our relationships with each other."
"We are inspired by the bohemians of Soho, in this neighbourhood they were all together, the poor bohemians, the rich bohemians. This is a sacred space. This was a space that did allow for that experience of connectivity. The musicians performing in a big stadium are at work, after finishing the job they go out to local bars and clubs for musicians and artists. Maybe these spaces aren't so profitable for someone, but they are more profitable for everyone."
"We can use this building as a space for people to come together. 27,000 people have signed the petition now. They come and they realise that they can do something. And this is the goal with this occupation."
So what is this threat to Tin Pan Alley? Landlord Consolidated Group has big plans for the neighbourhood:
"One of Consolidated's largest and most exciting projects to date, the vision is to reinvent the area bordered by St Giles High Street, Denmark Street and Charing Cross Road to create the equivalent of New York's Times Square in London. Plans include gigantic advertising screens, a 2,000-seat live rock venue, an interactive music museum, a hotel, a sky bar and a new piazza above the proposed Crossrail station at Tottenham Court Road." (Ref 3)
In case you are struggling to picture the 'gigantic advertising screens' and a '2,000 seat live rock venue' would fit into this 17th century London street, architectural group ORMS have created this eye opening video peopled by creepy silhouettes to help (ref 4).
As Dan Hancox points out in his fantastic Vice article about promotional videos put out by developers, a horrifying element of these London mega projects is the idea that they are being built brand new out of a void:
" "It could become a whole new part of South East London!" says one of the talking heads in the Deptford Project video, which inadvertently highlights another sinister aspect of place-making. Specifically: was Deptford not there already? It treats our cities as mere landing sites for urban villages, conceived by marketing departments and dropped from on high." (Ref 5)
Fearful that this whole iconic street would disappear under 'Times Square in London' Camden Council extracted promises from Consolidated Group that Denmark Street shopfronts, and independent businesses would be preserved but it is hard to see how they would fit in with this Blade Runner vision of the area, and it seems this commitment may no longer stand:
"The landlords Consolidated Developments always told us, even when we renewed the lease 4 years ago, they said "don't worry the front of the building is definitely going to be safe and your business will be safe, and in June of 2014 in 'MI Pro magazine' they said "don't worry, we'll be saving, preserving the 12 Bar club and all of the music business industries in this area, and then 2 weeks ago, out of the blue we get given three weeks notice"
Andy, from Angel Music, speaking to musicians Tara Rez and Segs Jennings (Ref 6)
Walking away from 12 Bar after talking with the Bohemians, I saw another freshly closed music shop on Denmark Street, a former saxophone shop, now just a brightly lit empty box with a blue-bibbed security guard standing alone in the middle of it to deter any more pesky occupations.
I wish I could show you the St Giles development video promising us "a new dawn for meaningful brand engagement" and declaring that Outernet technology will allow shoppers to interact with the brands they love in exciting new ways, but for some reason it seems to have been taken down.
On the other hand some creative soul did manage to put together a remix, using most of the original footage, which is still available on YouTube (Ref 7):
The Bohemians 4 Soho and the genius who made this video are not the only ones horrified by the dystopian Black Mirror plans for St Giles, with it's weird passive people who's happiness in life is derived by interacting with brands in exciting new ways. With this blog I am simply adding to an avalanche of angry words already spilling out from newspapers and bloggers.
The anger expressed by campaigners could be seen as coming from a conservative refusal to change; a nostalgic clinging on to the way things used to be; and an inability to accept that London is a dynamic, constantly evolving city. I'm sure that's how Consolidated Group views the writers, activists, squatters, musicians and of course Russell Brand who have added their voices to the protest.
But the problem is not change itself, but where the change comes from and what form it takes. Neighbourhoods need to be allowed to evolve, the people who live, work and play in them, should have a say in what happens to them. London has been evolving for 2,000 years and I can't imagine a force that could stop her, but the city is currently littered with maga-projects that start out with a white sheet of paper in an architects office instead of coming from an existing community, and once these gargantuan monstrosities are constructed the long haired freaky people who were there before no longer fit the aesthetic or the price tags and are moved on.
On the other side of Tottenham Court Road, Soho is facing a similar existential crisis.
They sanitize and clean, unpick it at the seam,
unravel and destroy decades of what has been,
wave goodbye to the whole damn scene,
bye bye bye, my gin soaked dreams.
Oh no! What's happened to Soho?
Oh no! Where will all the reprobates go?
The Correspondents - What's Happened To Soho? - 2011 (Ref 8)
I am pleased be able to provide the Correspondents with the answer. According to their website, Consolidated Group happened to Soho and the reprobates are no longer welcome:
"Over the last 25 years, the Consolidated Group has played an instrumental role in the regeneration of Soho and Covent Garden.
Today the area is positively thriving, with sought-after restaurants, bars and clubs, luxury hotels, loft apartments, contemporary offices and modern retail units instead of the back street sex shops, dodgy clubs and dingy junkie hang-outs of old. Consolidated is behind many of these new schemes. From relatively humble beginnings, the company has steadily increased its property holdings without over-extending itself and now owns an ever expanding property portfolio." (Ref 3)
The problem is that while the employees and customers of Consolidated Group and the other London developers with properties in Soho have no wish to spend their time in a neighbourhood of back street sex shops, dodgy clubs and dingy junkie hang-outs, lots of artists, writers, musicians and dropouts do, and Soho was traditionally their place. A seedy backdrop for Dylan Thomas, Jeffrey Bernard and Francis Bacon to drink their troubles away. A place where gay bars could run without harassment and where sex workers didn't have to risk walking the streets but could rely on the safety of a discreet room somewhere.
A place where dreamers could dream and counter cultures could develop.
And of course, a place for the music.
A campaign group was started last November by Stephen Fry and Tim Arnold to try to save Soho from becoming a generic commercial zone resembling Singapore Airport.
"Save Soho is a coalition of performers, residents and politicians who have now come together out of concern after the closure and repossession of world renown club Madame Jojo’s.
Save Soho‘s aim is to protect and nurture iconic music and performing arts venues in Soho that are disappearing at a terrifying rate. These closures are an attack on Soho’s vibrant creative history and enduring character.
The British music industry is one of our largest exports. Some of the biggest acts in the world began their careers by performing in small venues in Soho. The Who, The Kinks, Spandau Ballet, The Animals, The Sex Pistols and Oasis to name but a few. If venues like this continue to be removed from our precious landscape, where will the British musical exports of tomorrow be able to showcase their talent and skill to the British music industry? An industry that is largely based in central London." (Ref 9)
Save Soho has garnered the support of a huge number of well known faces from London's creative scene. They may have some success with their approach of presenting our musical culture as an economic resource that needs protecting and of offering to work with developers to advise them on how not to destroy the spirit of this unique place.
And I still believe in the need,
For guitars and drums and desperate poetry.
And I still believe that everyone,
Can find a song for every time they've lost and every time they've won.
So just remember folks we not just saving lives, we're saving souls,
And we're having fun.
And I still believe.
Now who'd have thought that after all,
Something as simple as rock 'n' roll would save us all
Frank Turner - I Still Believe - 2010 (Ref 10)
On that Monday evening, after chatting to the Bohemians, I returned to the occupied 12 Bar Club with a friend of mine to witness one of the most exciting gigs I've ever attended. The community meeting had finished and in the 17th century forge people were handing round a mic, reciting poetry, sharing experiences and insights, giving readings from books, rapping about politics and hope. The sound of 200 people singing together came from the packed room next door and Fraisia and I fought our way inside for the last two songs.
Standing on a table in the centre of the tiny room, Frank Turner was singing 'I Still Believe'. In a crashing joyous wave of sound his voice was joined by those of almost everyone in the room, but you could hear him still, above the rest but connected to them. In between the words the sound of his acoustic guitar rang out clear. The room resonating to hundreds of united voices, a powerful human energy greater than the sum of its parts, singing about hope and the spirit of rock and roll.
Less than a week later the Bohemians 4 Soho were evicted and this historic venue fell silent again.
I applaud the efforts of everyone who is trying to protect the living, breathing, messy, beating heart of London from a sterilized corporate future of steel and glass where the only creative freedom available is the freedom to switch brands.
If you want to help the fight to save Denmark Street, watch and share this campaign video & sign the petition (Ref 11).
So where do the reprobates go from here?
I received the answer in an email from one of the Bohemians just after their eviction.
They have promised to fight on, and suggest we do the same.
"It is important to be proactive in outrage otherwise it will diminish energy rather than release it as creative force. Meet people face to face. Network. Make time for the things you consider sacred. Challenge your conclusions and inhibitions. Explore ideas being tabled outside of the mainstream political spectrum. Research, research. Unite and fight. Create even if you believe you are no good. Do it anyway. Define the threshold of unacceptable behavior. See you on the front line."
Ref 1 - The Kinks, Denmark Street - http://youtu.be/d-gjVt6k16s
Ref 2 - Club X - http://www.wolfshead.co.uk/club%20x%20archive.html
Ref 3 - Consolidated Group - http://www.26sohosq.com/
Ref 4 - ORMS architecture vision - http://vimeo.com/62355101
Ref 5 - Dan Hancox on 'Regeneration Videos' - http://www.vice.com/en_uk/read/london-regeneration-videos-dan-honcox-374
Ref 6 - Andy, from Angel Music, speaking to musicians Tara Rez and Segs Jennings (quote found 2 minutes in) - http://youtu.be/rhb56ikgsY4
Ref 7 - St Giles Development remix video - http://youtu.be/QCLO8qWBUbo
Ref 8 - The Correspondents, What's Happened To Soho? - http://youtu.be/MZukiRrYROA
Ref 9 - Save Soho Campaign - http://savesoho.com/about/
Ref 10 - Frank Turner - I Still Believe - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sZ-D4jmkUiQ
Ref 11 - Save Denmark Street Campaign Video - http://youtu.be/jqAQgxYHFzE
Ref 11 - Save Denmark Street Petition - https://www.change.org/p/alex-bushell-don-t-bin-tin-pan-alley
_Lisa shares her thoughts on art, life and the nature of everything.
Copyright © 2013 Lisa Furness
Photography by Lisa Furness is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.